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How To Calculate the Right Solar System Size?

Person holding a solar panel while standing on the roof

With the world slowly shifting toward using renewable energy for sustainable power supply, solar photovoltaic (PV) systems are one of the popular options opted for by consumers. In 2020, its global market size was valued at around USD 154.47 billion and is expected to grow at a CAGR of 25.9% between 2021-2028. This is no surprise considering its ease of installation, maintenance, and long-term energy savings capability.

Nevertheless, solar panel needs can vary from one consumer to another. Therefore, this article will cover the essential steps required for estimating the right solar system size and enumerate constraints to consider before selecting the ideal one.

Table of Contents
How to estimate solar system sizing requirements?
Solar system requirements for different customers
Conclusion 

How to estimate solar system sizing requirements?

Man installing solar panels on a roof

Step 1: Calculate energy usage

Firstly, it is an important consideration to estimate the home’s or commercial property’s average electricity consumption. For that, take 12 months of energy usage. It is common to see peaks and troughs during the summer and winter because of the high consumption of air-conditioners and heating units. Find out the average monthly kWh (kilowatt-hours) usage by dividing the 12 month’s usage by 12. Then, divide by 30 to get a rough estimate of the daily kWh usage.

Example:

12 month’s total kWh usage = 10,800

Monthly average kWh usage (10,800/12) = 900

Daily kWh usage (900/30) = 30 kWh

Step 2: Find out peak sun hours

Next, knowing the sun’s peak hours is crucial to understanding how many hours per day the PV systems will take advantage of solar energy. Having said that, the peak sun hours can vary from location to location and from country to country. For instance, in Europe, there are more peak sun hours in the southern part of the continent compared to its northern regions.

For this example, we will take the annual peak sun hours in Seville, Spain—which averages about 4.86 hours per day.

Step 3: Calculate the size of the solar system

Next up, it is time to estimate the right sizing of the solar system. For that, determine the kW output first by dividing the daily kWh usage in Step 1 by the daily average peak sun hours in Step 2. After finding out the kW output, multiply it by the solar panel’s efficiency rating (which is 1.15).

Example:

kW output (30/4.86) = 6.2

Solar system size (6.2 x 1.15 efficiency factor) = 7.1 kW DC

Step 4: Estimate the number of solar panels

The last step is to determine the number of solar panels needed. First, simply multiply the solar system size calculated in Step 3 by 1,000 to find out the solar system size in watts. And second, divide it by the wattage of the solar panel that will be installed (which usually averages about 320 watts) to find out the number of solar panels needed.

Example:

Solar system size in watts (7.1 kW x 1,000) = 7,100 watts

Number of solar panels (7,100 watts/320 watts) = 22 panels

Solar system requirements for different customers

Budget

Solar technician installing solar panel

First and foremost, a client’s solar requirements could depend on their budget. Clients can build their solar system within their budget and find the best value buys. Their requirements could range from purchasing off-grid solar panels to purchasing the full solar energy system kit. Furthermore, they may look for installation charges. Most suppliers are now able to provide after-sales installation instruction videos so that even individual users can receive a relatively thorough after-sales service. 

Space

Solar panels on a rooftop

Space plays an important role in the customer’s decision-making to opt for the right number of solar panels for their rooftops. For spacious roofs, more, larger-sized solar panels can be installed conveniently. However, for roofs with limited space, only fewer solar panels can be installed. To make good use of that limited space, customers would be better off using high-efficiency solar panels to get the most out of the solar-to-electricity conversion.

Energy offset

Solar panel array in a green field

The last and most important point is that customers mainly want to buy the right solar system sizing that offsets their average energy consumption. For that, they learn about their energy consumption through their electricity bills. Energy offset can depend on residential to commercial properties and the number of appliances used daily. Based on that, average consumers will look for anywhere from 1kW-5kW solar power systems. As winter approaches, the demand for solar systems to generate electricity will continue to increase.

Conclusion

Other factors that can affect sizing decisions and a solar system’s effectiveness are its mount size, tilt angle, battery life, product efficiency ratings, and lifetime performance. Nevertheless, the major way to size a solar system depends on how much energy needs to be offset and this can depend from project to project.

With more people using renewable energy to save costs, consumers will want to have a wide array of solar systems readily available at their disposal anytime. Explore Alibaba.com to source different solar systems and ensure they meet every customer’s solar requirements.

Alibaba.com provides free online model selection tools. Buyers only need to fill in information such as house area, household electricity consumption, product type preferred, etc., to be matched with suitable products. Buyers can then communicate with suppliers on the spot for further detailed information. Not knowing which product is right for you is a thing of the past!

Free online model selection tools demo

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